Get stuck in to that ‘Alphabet Soup’ ladies… and we don’t mean the edible one!!
Our Girls Sport Talk boxing glossary, will tell you all you need to know whilst ringside.
ABC: Association of Boxing Commissions: US and Canada based organisation, set to protect boxers. Includes rules and regulations for the sport that states must adhere to.
Alphabet Soup: Is the term used for the abbreviations that are set to describe the different sanctioning bodies of boxing. You will recognise them as: IBA, IBO, NABA, NABC, NABF, WBF and WBO. These emerged throughout the sport in the early 1980’s.
Bare Knuckle Boxing: This phrase refers back to the oldest form of boxing known to us. Dating back to Ancient Greece! This type of fighting occurred before the Queensbury Rules were introduced, so therefore didn’t include the use of gloves, hence the name.
Below the Belt: This is an “imaginary” line from the boxers tummy button to his hips, where no punches are meant to be thrown.
Body Punches: Usually delivered at the side of the rib area.
Bolo Punch: A wide sweeping punch, usually used in “showboating” to look good, as opposed to having purpose.
Bout: Is a term used to describe a match consisting of rounds with 1 minute breaks.
Boxers Handshake: Refers to the touching of gloves by both fighters, at the start of the match.
Brawler: Refers to a boxer that moves slowly around the ring, lacks mobility and a strong punching pattern. However, is usually very powerful and has a mammoth single shot.
Clinch: Is a last resort defensive technique used by fighters often when they are struggling. The boxer holds onto his opponent to prevent getting hit.
Corner Man: This is the individual who is situated where the ropes meet. They offer the boxer water, whilst attempting to reduce any bleeding or swelling to the face.
Count: The count occurs when a boxer has been knocked down. Numbers from 1 -10 are called out, if the fighter is still on the canvas (including the standing 8 rule) the fight is stopped and a knock out is declared.
Counter Punch: The counter punch is one where the fighter waits for his opponent to throw a shot, slips past them or blocks, and then unleashes a combination of attacking punches their way.
Cross: This refers to a punch thrown by the dominant, stronger hand.
Down and Out: A boxer who is knocked to the canvas, totally defeated.
Down for the Count: Refers to a boxer that is knocked down to the canvas for a count of ten.
Draw: Occurs when both fighters tie on equal points awarded to them, by the judges.
Fall Through the Ropes: If a boxer is falls through the ropes they have a 20 second period to get up and back into the ring.
Flash Knock Down: Is when a fighter is knocked down, however manages to get back up onto his feet before the count begins.
Glass Jaw: A phrase used to describe, a boxer that is prone to knockouts.
Go the Distance: A boxer that is said to “go the distance” is one who lasts all scheduled rounds.
Haymaker: Is often, a boxers last resort. A swinging, ferocious punch.
Holding: Technically holding is a foul, however referee’s usually allow the boxer to do this “lightly” to preserve energy as long as he’s fighting with the one hand out of the hold.
Hook: Is a short, power punch delivered whilst the elbow is bent.
Inside Fighter: An infighter is one who gets in close to their opponent.
Jab: Most common punch in boxing. The shot is thrown quickly from the chin in a direct line towards the opponent.
Kissed the Canvas: Is a term used to describe when the boxer is face down on the canvas.
Knockdown: A knockdown occurs when the fighter touches the canvas with any part of their body, or is being held up by the ropes
Knockout (KO): A knockout is a term used when the fighter has been knocked to the canvas and is unable to get back up after a count of ten.
Liver Punch: Is a short sharp punch to the liver area, often results in a boxer being bought down.
Low Blow: See Below The Belt.
Mandatory Eight Count: This is an 8 second count that a fallen boxer must take when he finally gets back on his feet. In this time the referee decides whether the fighter is ok to continue.
Matchmaker: The term used to describe the individual responsible for proposing and selecting fights between boxers.
On The Ropes: A phrase used to describe a fighter whose body is up against the ropes, due to their opponents blows.
Orthodox: Refers to a right handed fighter.
Pound For Pound: Phrase used frequently in boxing. Refers to the best boxer dependent upon their ability. Pound For Pound rankings compare boxers regardless of their weight category.
Promoter: Is the individual responsible for organizing and promoting a professional fight.
Referee: This is the 3rd man in the ring, whose job it is to control the fight. Ensuring all rules and regulations are adhered to.
Rounds: Professional boxing matches have 12 rounds for male fighters, lasting 3 minutes each, and 10 rounds for female fighters with durations of 2 minutes each.
Sanctioning Body: A sanctioning body is an organisation that sponsors championship fights and award the all important belts. These include: The World Boxing Association, World Boxing Council and International Boxing Federation.
Slap: Term used to describe a shot that is planted with the open side of the glove. The “slap” cannot be counted as a legitimate punch, and the boxer will not gain points from it.
South Paw: Also known as unorthodox or left handed fighters.
Standing Eight Count: Occurs when the referee counts to eight, and uses this time to determine whether the fighter is fit enough to continue the fight.
Technical Knockout (TKO): This refers to a scenario where the referee has stopped the fight, as he declares a fighter unfit to continue due to bad cuts and loss of too much blood.
Throw In The Towel: To end the fight, or give up!
Upper Cut: Is a punch thrown from low to high. Used, more commonly to hit the jaw.
Weight Classes: These are the 17 different weight categories throughout the sport of boxing:
Heavyweight unlimited, Cruiserweight 200 lb (90.72 kg), Light Heavyweight 175 lb (79.4 kg), Super Middleweight 168 lb (76.2 kg), Middleweight 160 lb (72.6 kg), Light Middleweight 154 lb (69.9 kg), Welterweight 147 lb (66.7 kg), Light Welterweight 140 lb (63.5 kg), Lightweight 135 lb (61.2 kg), Super Featherweight 130 lb (59.0 kg), Featherweight 126 lb (57.2 kg), Super Bantamweight 122 lb (55.3 kg), Bantamweight 118 lb (53.5 kg), Super Flyweight 115 lb (52.2 kg), Flyweight 112 lb (50.8 kg), Light Flyweight 108 lb (49.0 kg), Minimum Weight 105 lb (47.6 kg
Weigh In: Is a pre-fight procedure where boxers are weighed to ensure they stay within the correct weight limits, contracted for the fight and their specific category.