Football

You girls may be hot on the offside rule by now, however…

If you need to know your ‘four four two’s’ from your ‘three five one’s’…. or your ‘hatricks’ from your ‘handballs’, Look no further.

Our Football glossary below will have you ready for kick off…

 

Appearances: The term used to illustrate the amount of games a player has participated in. In international football, these appearances are called “caps”.

Assist: an “assist” is a term used to credit a player who contributes directly to the goal, by means of setting up the goal scorer.

A.E.T: is an abbreviation for “extra-time”. Played at the end of the usual 90 minutes if the score is still drawn.

Booking: A player is booked by the referee after he deems they have committed a foul. A booking is also known as a “yellow card”.

Captain: Is the leader of the team, leads the team out at the beginning of the game and wears the captains armband.

Central Defender: Is the defender/s along the back line of defence that id placed in the centre in front of the goal keeper.

Central Midfield: Is the midfielder/s that plays in the centre of the pitch behind the forwards (strikers) and in front of the defenders.

Centre Circle: Where kick off commences in the centre of the pitch.

Clean Sheet: Is a term used when a team hasn’t conceded a goal. “Keeping a clean sheet” means the goal keeper and defence have done their job!

Corner Kick: When the ball crosses the goal line after last touching a defender, a member of the offense restarts play from the closest corner.

Cross: A pass sent from near the sidelines to the front of the goal to create a scoring opportunity.

Cross Bar: Is the white, horizontal bar across the goal.

Defence: Line of defending players that are positioned in front of the goal keeper. Their main aim is to prevent a goal from being scored.

Derby: The term “Derby” refers to a game between two neighbouring areas and is often a highly charged affair. E.g: “Arsenal face Tottenham Hotspur in a North London derby…”

Direct Kick: A unguarded kick awarded following severe fouls.. A goal can be scored directly from the kick; it does not need to touch an additional player after the kick.

Dribble: Keeping control of the ball while running by tapping, dragging, or rolling it in front of the body.

Drop Kick: When a goalkeeper who is holding the ball drops it and kicks it after it bounces.

F.A: Is an abbreviated term for the “Football Association.”

Forward: Is another term to describe a striker, or goal scorer.

Four Four Two: Is the most commonly used “team formation” in Football.

Foul: Is a form of play which is forbidden from the game, and is often penalised by the referee. A free kick soon follows, or a booking.

Free Kick: A kick from the spot of the foul, awarded to the team that was fouled, in which the opposing players must stand at least 10 yards away until the ball is kicked.

Friendly Matches: These are games that stand alone, out of a competition. They can also be called “exhibition” matches and have less competitive emphasis put on them.

Guv’nor: Another term for the manager of the team. Often used by the players themselves

Half Time: The break between each half, usually lasts 15 minutes.

Hand Ball: The illegal action of touching the ball with an arm or hand.

Hand Of God: Is a term given to the goal by Diego Maradonna (Argentinian Footballer) which was in fact a handball in the 1986 World Cup Quarter Final against England. The goal stood and the final score was Argentina 2-0 England.

Hat Trick: Is a trio of goals scored in one game by one player.

Header: Using the head to pass, shoot, block, or otherwise control the ball.

International: Describes a match between two nations.

Kick Off: The ball is put into play from the centre circle at the start of each half and after a goal.

Linesman: Control the “lines” either side of the pitch. They work alongside the referee, looking for any fouls or offside plays.

Long Ball: Is a ball that is often kicked towards the lone striker, in the air above the defenders.

Man On: Players call the term “man on” to inform a team-mate that a defender is nearby.

Nutmeg: A pass that goes between an opponent’s legs.

Offside: Foul frequently enforced during a game to prevent unfair fast-break goals. It is not an offence in itself to be in an offside position. However the referee will stop play if he deems it as being an unfair advantage to the attacking team.

A player is in an offside position if… 1) he is nearer to his opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent. A player is not in an offside position if.. 1) he is level with the last two opponents, 2) he is in his own half of the field of play or 3) he is level with the second last opponent.

Pele: An over head kick, sometimes referred to as a bicycle kick.

Penalty Kick: When a foul is called inside the penalty box, the other team is awarded a direct kick from the penalty spot. Only the goalkeeper can stop this shot attempt.

Punt: A long distance kick by the goalie, who drops and kicks the ball before it hits the ground.

Save: When a player, usually the goalie, blocks a shot from going into the goal.

Strike: Legal contact (kick, header, etc.) with the ball; hands and arms are not permitted.

Tackle: To steal the ball from a player. Stealing the ball by sliding in front of a player is called a slide tackle.

Throw-In: A two-handed, overhead pass, taken from the sideline when the opposing team knocks the ball out of bounds.

Touch: Contact that a player has with the ball while it is in his possession (e.g. “one-touch,” “two-touch,” etc.).

Trapping: Stopping the ball to gain control before advancing.

Volley: Kicking the ball while it is in mid-air.

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