Girls Sport Talk don’t want you ladies getting caught up in Golf’s picturesque landscape, we want you to become a pro at the terminology!
So get your heads out of the bunker girls, and get ready to tee off! Our Golf glossary is as follows..
Ace: A hole made in one shot.
Albatross: Term is used when scoring three under par is. It follows the ‘bird’ theme for shots below par: for example: birdie for one under par and eagle for two under par.
Amateur: Refers to a player who competes without monetary reward.
Approach Shot: Is the shot that is played when approaching the putting green.
Apron: The grassy area which surrounds the putting area.
Away: Is the first shot to be taken, therefore the ball that is the furthest distance away from the hole.
Back Nine: Are the last 9 holes of an 18 hole course.
Ball Marker: Is a small token which is used to indicate the position of the ball on the green.
Birdie: Is one stroke under par for a hole.
Bite: The backspin on the ball that makes the ball stop dead.
Blast: Is an explosive shot, often taken when coming out of a bunker.
Bogey: A score of one over par for the hole.
Boundary: Refers to the edge of the golf course, the limit to the area of play.
Bunker: A slump in the ground that is usually covered or filled with sand. It is considered a hazard of the course and is there to make the golfers shot a little bit harder.
Caddie/Caddy: An assistant to the player, who carries the clubs during play and throughout the course, and offers him assistance.
Chip Shot: Is a short, low approach shot. It is normally hit with over spin or bite.
Club: The piece of equipment used in golf to strike the ball. Is made up of.. a shaft, grip and a club head made of wood or metal.
Collar: The grassy fringe that the putting green.
Course: Refers to the playing area, made up or 9 or 18 holes. Includes greens, fairways, casual water and bunkers.
Cup: Is the holder of the ball in the hole, in which the flag pole stands.
Dogleg: Refers to a left or right bend in the fairway.
Double Bogey: Refers to a score of two over par for a single hole.
Double Eagle: Score of three under par. Same as “albatross”
Drive: Hitting the ball with maximum force, in a “C” shape motion.
Drive-and-Pitch: The type of hole on which the green can be reached with a drive and a pitch.
Driver: Known as the No. 1 wood. It is the longest-hitting modern wooden club, used from the tee when the furthest distance is required.
Driving range: An area used for practicing tee-shots and other strokes.
Drop: When the ball is dropped on the course after it has been declared unplayable or after the ball has been lost.
Eagle: Two strokes under par for a single hole. To play a hole at 2 under par.
Eight-Iron: An iron club gives a distance of between 115-150 yards.
Fairway: Is the area of the course between the tee and the green that is smooth grass and is well-maintained.
Fairway Wood: Any other wooden club other than a driver.
Five-Iron: Refers to an iron club used for distances between 145-180 yards for men’s clubs.
Five-Wood: A wooden club used for distances between 190-210 yards for men’s clubs.
Flag: The marker attached to the flagstick, that is positioned in the hole.
Flagstick: This is movable marker to show the location of the hole on the course.
Forecaddie: Refers to an individual employed by the course or the tournament committee to mark the position of a player’s ball throughout the play.
Foursome: A term given to four players playing together. Also a match in which two players play against another two players with each side playing one ball. An example of this is The Ryder Cup competition.
Free Drop: A drop where no penalty stroke is incurred.
Front Side: These are the first nine holes of an 18 hole course.
Gallery: The audience, tournament spectators.
Green: Refers to the putting surface.
Halved: A hole is “halved” when both sides play it in the same number of strokes.
Handicap: It allows golfers of mixed abilities to compete against each other. The term refers to the number of strokes a player may deduct from his actual score to adjust his scoring ability to the level of an “off scratch golfer”.
Hazard: Any bunker or water on the course that is set to cause the player difficulty.
Hole In One: Refers to a hole made with one stroke, also known as an ace.
In Play: Is play within the course.
Iron: Any club with a head made of iron or steel.
Line: The correct path of a shot towards the hole when putting.
Off-Centre: Refers a poor hit.
Out Of Bounds: The area outside of the course in which play is forbidden.
Par: Is the number of strokes a player should take to complete a round with good performance.
Penalty Stroke: Refers to an additional stroke added to a player’s score for a rules breach.
Pin: Is another term used for the flagstick.
Pitching Wedge: Iron club designed for making pitch shots.
Pro-Am: Is the competition which pairs professional golf players with golf amateurs.
Putt: Is the shot made on the putting green.
Putter: A short-shafted club with a straight face for putting on the green.
Rough: Long grass areas bordering the fairway, greens, or hazards
Round: This term is used to describe a complete game of golf – 18 holes is one round.
Short Irons: These are highly lofted irons.
Sink a Putt: Means to make a putt.
Stroke: Is the forward motion of the club, with the intent to hit the ball.
Tee: This is a throwaway piece of equipment, normally a wooden peg, on which the ball is placed for driving. The first shot of the hole is also called the “tee”.
Tee Off: To play a tee shot.
Tee-Shot: This is a shot played from a tee.
Three Ball: Three players playing against each other, each with their individual ball.
Threesome: A match in which two players play the same ball and alternate strokes and play against a single player.
Wood: A club, which can be made of wood or metal, that has a large head and is used for shots requiring greater distance.