Drowned out by all this sporting info girls?!!
Don’t dispair, our swimming glossary will get you hot on your tumble turns and gravity waves in no time!
So, dive in when you’re ready….
Backstroke: This is the term used for a stroke where the swimmer is on their back performing a flutter-kick and rotating the arms alternately backward.
Breaststroke: Hands move concurrently forward, from in front of the chest, and the legs move in a frog-like style.
Butterfly: A stroke where both arms are lifted simultaneously out of the water and flung forward.
Crawl: This was originally known as the Australian crawl. It is a stroke including alternate over arm movements and up-and-down kick.
False start: Occurs when one or more swimmers leaves the blocks before the starting signal.
Freestyle: This is an event where the swimmers may use any stroke they choose. Preferably their fastest one!
Gravity wave: This is the wave action, caused by the swimmers body and movement. This bounces off the swimmer then returns to the water surface as turbulence.
Heat: Refers to the early races of the competition and determine what swimmers make the quarter, semi or final races.
Lane: The swimmers own area in which they competes during a race.
Lane lines: The dividers used to define the individual lanes.
Lap: A single length of the pool.
Length: From one end of the pool to the other.
Medley: This is a combination event involving backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle.
Negative split: Refers to a race strategy in which a swimmer covers the second half of a race much faster than they do the first.
Relay: Is a team of swimmers, each swimming one leg of the event.
Split: This records the swimmers current pace at that point in the race. It is registered every 50 metres.
Surf: To take advantage of the wave created by the swimmer in front.
Tumble Turn: Refers to an underwater roll at the end of a lap. This is only used in backstroke and crawl. It allows the swimmer to push off from the wall with their feet.
Turn Judge: An official at each end of the lane responsible for ensuring a swimmer turns correctly. The turn judge also communicates with the swimmer via lap cards, held up to inform the swimmer of the total laps they have remaining.